Linux 6.5 na-abịa na nkwalite nkwado dị ukwuu, ozi na ihe ndị ọzọ

Linux kernel

Linux bụ kernel efu na-adịkarị ka Unix kernel Ọ bụ otu n'ime ihe atụ nke ngwanrọ efu na nke mepere emepe.

Mgbe ọnwa abụọ nke mmepe, Linus Torvalds kwupụtara mwepụta nke Linux kernel 6.5. Mgbanwe ndị ama ama gụnyere: nkwado maka usoro njikwa ike Intel TPMI, oku sistemụ cachestat, ntinye aka na-aga n'ihu nke nkwado asụsụ Rust, nkwado maka ntuziaka vector RISC-V, na ndị ọzọ.

Na ụdị Linux 6.5 Kernel ọhụrụ a, ihe dị ka ndozi 14674 ka etinyere na ahịrị koodu 1294205.

Ozi kachasị na Linux 6.5

Na ụdị ọhụrụ a nke Linux 6.5 Kernel, interface RAPL na-agbakwụnye nkwado maka usoro TPMI Ejiri ya na ndị na-arụ ọrụ Intel iji mee ka njirimara njikwa ike nwee ike, interface ọhụrụ a na-akwado interface RAPL MSR/MMIO dị na mbụ ma na-enye ntọala njedebe ike na-agbanwe agbanwe.

Mgbanwe ọzọ nke pụtara na ụdị ọhụụ ahụ bụ nke ahụ oku cachestat() agbakwunyere, nke nwere ọrụ nke inyocha ọnọdụ cache nke ibe maka faịlụ na akwụkwọ ndekọ aha. Oku sistemụ ọhụrụ na-enye ohere mmemme ohere onye ọrụ iji chọpụta ibe nke faịlụ echekwara na ebe nchekwa bụ isi.

N'adịghị ka oku sistemụ mincore() dị na mbụ, oku cachestat() na-enye gị ohere ilele ọnụ ọgụgụ zuru ezu karị, dị ka ọnụ ọgụgụ ibe echekwara, ibe ruru unyi, ibe ndị a chụpụrụ, ibe ndị ewepụrụ n'oge na-adịbeghị anya, na ibe ndị akara maka idegharị.

Maka akụkụ nke nkwalite ndị na-aga n'ihu na-emejuputa atumatu na nkwado Rust, Ọ pụtara na ọ ga-ekwe omume iji ụdị nchara 1.68.2, nke na-eme ka ụfọdụ ọrụ ejiri na kernel kwụsie ike. API mmalite pin emelitere yana agbasawanye ike nke 'njehie', 'sync', 'str', 'ọrụ' na 'ụdị' modul.

Maka sistemụ ARM64, etinyere nkwado maka ndọtị PIE, nke na-enye ọrụ iji hazie ikike ịnweta ebe nchekwa. Kama ịdekọ ozi ikike hardcod n'ime tebụl ibe ebe nchekwa, PIE na-eji ndenye aha nhazi ikike akọwapụtara na ndekọ.

Na io_uring, ndị ike ịchekwa mgbanaka mgbanaka na zipu kwụ n'ahịrị na ebe nchekwa ekenyere na ohere onye ọrụ. Ngwa ahụ nwere ike ịkenye mpaghara ebe nchekwa n'onwe ya wee nyefee ya na io_uring iji nweta ikike iji nnukwu ibe ebe nchekwa.

Na mgbakwunye na nke a, ọzọ nke novelties nke pụtara na ọhụrụ a version nke Linux 6.5, kernel ọrụ queues, nke mejuputa nchọpụta na akpaka akara nke ọrụ na kpụ ọkụ n'ọnụ CPU ojiji.

Na usoro na processors Zen 2 na AMD ọhụrụ, onye ọkwọ ụgbọ ala P-State na-enyere aka na ndabara kama onye ọkwọ ụgbọ ala CPUFreq maka njikwa ike, gbakwunyere oke X86_AMD_PSTATE_DEFAULT_MODE ka ịhọrọ ọnọdụ P-State ndabara.

Usoro faịlụ Mkpuchi, ka akwagala iji jiri API ugwu ọhụrụ na emewo mgbanwe iji hazie ọrụ nke usoro faịlụ ComposeFS dị ka ihe nkwado na usoro faịlụ OverlayFS na EROFS, kama ịnọgide na-enwe mmejuputa dị iche iche. Na kernel 6.5, Composefs gbakwunyere nkwado maka “data naanị” n'ígwé ejiri naanị data (iche na metadata).

Atụpụtala nkwalite ọhụrụ maka sistemụ faịlụ Btrfs, ebe mbufe data etinyere na ọnọdụ mmekọrịta maka ngwa ngwa algọridim iji gbakọọ crc32c na xxhash checksums).

Nke mgbanwe ndị ọzọ nke kwụpụtara:

  • Onye ọkwọ ụgbọ ala AMDGPU gbakwunyere nkwado maka kaadị vidiyo Radeon RX 7000 overclocking.
  • Onye ọkwọ ụgbọ ala i915 na-eweta nkwado mbụ maka ibe Intel Meteor Lake ma gbakwunye ike iji VRR na laptọọpụ nwere ngosipụta eDP.
  • Nkwado agbasawanye nke ọma maka ndị na-ahụ maka USB4, gụnyere nkwado mbụ maka ndị na-ahụ maka Intel Barlow Ridge na-akwado USB4 v2 (80 Gbps karịa USB Type-C).
  • Agbakwunyela nkwado maka ngwaọrụ MIDI 2.0 na sistemụ ọdịyo ALSA.
  • agbakwunyere ọkwọ ụgbọ ala maka NVIDIA SHIELD media consoles

Finalmente ma ọ bụrụ na ị nwere mmasị ịmatakwu banyere ya, you nwere ike ịlele nkọwa na esonụ njikọ.


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