Far from being good news, the disappearance of Internet Explorer impoverishes users' options when it comes to choosing how to navigate. One thing are the web standards, agreed by all the participants of the network, and quite another are the de facto standards imposed by who controls some of the most popular web services and half of the mobile device market.
This is not about defending Microsoft, in the previous article we saw that it was not cut off when it came to imposing its participation in the market. But chen users, competition, and regulators had forced the company to produce a new version more friendly to web standards, Google's monopolistic practices forced it to scrap its work and become one of the companies forced to use the Chrome code base.
How was the disappearance of Internet Explorer
The enduring success of Windows XP and the failure of Windows Vista meant that Internet Explorer 8, included with Windows 7, should be compatible with three operating systems.
Some of its features are the favorites bar, the private browsing mode and the protection so that when a tab is blocked, it will not affect the navigation of the others.
The year 2011 was not the year of Linux on the desktop either, but it marked a milestone in the growing (and forced) abandonment of Microsoft's monopolistic behavior and its approach to web standards and open source.
In other news, it included a redesigned user interface and layered protection against malware.
It was also part of Microsoft's efforts to kill off Windows XP as it was not compatible with this version.
Of Internet Explorer 10 there is very little that can be said. It was designed to match the new Windows 8 interface and, in an acknowledgment of the failure of Silverlight technology, included support for Adobe Flash.
Last battle and surrender
As the news that Windows 10 would have became known, Microsoft surprised everyone with the announcement of Project Spartan, a completely new browser that would be faster and integrated with the Cortana assistant.
This project would be known, once Windows 10 was released, as Microsoft Edge. Edge was not compatible with any other version of Windows.
But, it was already late. Edge never got off the ground and Microsoft threw in the towel.
At the time, Redmond accused Google of artificially worsening the performance of its services when accessed from a Microsoft browser. Whether true or not, andIt was impossible to access the browser, Gmail or Documents without running into the offer to download Chrome and the promise that the user experience would improve notably. And, indeed, it was. Google took care of that.
In 2018, following the example of Opera and Vivaldi, Microsoft announced that the next version of Edge would be based on Chromium, the open source base of Chrome. Gone are the days when Internet Explorer's market share was so large that the European Union forced Windows to include the option to choose the default browser.
With the code base change came the first version of a Microsoft browser for Linux. In fact, Microsoft offered Internet Explorer in the form of a virtual machine for developers, but it is not the same.
In any case, it is a poor consolation for the new and, even worse, quasi-monopoly that web development is experiencing. A single company decides what users can use or not. And, that's too much power.