In LxA we have wanted To repeat la comparison of GNU / Linux distributions for this 2015, with some very interesting news due to the rise of very promising new projects that we wanted to add to the list. So you can have a list that will help you choose your distro from the huge variety that exists.
Although the best distro That you can choose is the one that you feel most comfortable with, this is only a list for the doubtful or those who have just arrived in the Linux world. To taste the colors ... Also, they are not all, far from it and you should not pay too much attention to the order of the list. Which one do you choose? Here we include some cataloged in sections according to your preferences.
Table of Contents
- Ubuntu: Canonical has created one of the best Linux distributions out there, or at least the most popular and widespread of all. Of course they have made mistakes and not everyone likes Ubuntu, or rather Ubuntu is not the best distro across the board. But it is certainly a formidable project that can satisfy most users. Of course you can choose between different desktop environments: Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu, ... or stay with Ubuntu and its Unity.
- openSuSE: It is another of the great and historical ones, and for that reason it must appear in all comparisons. It is a pretty good distribution, very stable and like Ubuntu, it has a lot of support. SuSE and AMD are behind its development and maintenance, which is supported by these industry heavyweights.
- elementary OS: It is based on Ubuntu and therefore inherits some of its features, but stands out for its Pantheon desktop environment, which tries to copy the appearance and simplicity of Apple's Mac OS X operating system. It is currently the 8th most used distribution.
- debbian: It is one of the great ones without a doubt, and on which many others are based, such as Ubuntu. After the development of this distribution there is a huge community, so you will always find solutions and documentation on the net to solve problems. It deserves a special mention, for its importance.
- ArchLinux: It sure sounds like you too, since it is another of the most famous. Each and every one of them has advantages and disadvantages, and Arch is no exception. Simplicity, code coherence and minimalism are some of the pillars on which they are based for their development philosophy. Its stability, freedom of choice and the possibilities to personalize it can be an attraction. Against it has that together with Gentoo or Slackware, it is a distro not suitable for newbies because it is difficult to use.
- ChromiumOS: It is Google's distro, very simple, light, elegant, safe and very well received, since Chromebook is a star product that has reached high sales positions on sites like Amazon and has been sold out numerous times due to its demand . It is an operating system designed for the cloud, with a large app store and based on the Google Chrome browser, as we can imagine.
- Linux Mint: It is a distro based on Debian and its creators have placed emphasis on simplicity of use (usability) and ease of installation, which makes it a good distribution if you still do not have a very high knowledge of the world. You will find a multitude of packages for this distribution and you will find a stable system in which you can enjoy and work without problems.
- evolveOS: is a new distribution whose creators have wanted to focus on the design and minimalism of their desktop environment, as it seems to be the fashion today. Ikey Doherty is behind this project, a project created from scratch with a simple graphical interface. EvolveOS is opening a gap among others, such as Linux Deepin and elementaryOS thanks to its design ...
- fedora: It is another of the classics, although others have been gradually displacing it, we must not forget this project comes from Red Hat, like openSUSE from SUSE. Also, for those who love RPM packages, like openSUSE and unlike all those based on Debian or Ubuntu, they don't use DEB packages. I repeat, this is just a matter of taste ...
- Korra: It is a distribution based on Fedora, but it has some additions that many users can appreciate. It can be a good distro for newbies, and it has a large number of tools, proprietary drivers and multimedia codecs so that you do not have a problem in this regard.
- KaOS: aesthetics, elegance and ease are three qualifiers that describe KaOS well. It was born from the developer Anke Boersma, one of the Chakra Linux programmers, another distro that we talked about on our blog. It is based on KDE and is optimized for applications that are based on Qt, this can be an advantage or a great disadvantage when not being able to install certain software packages that are based on Gtk.
- manjaro: It is based on Arch Linux and uses Xfce as its desktop environment, making it a fairly lightweight distro. Although it is based on Arch, Manjaro has its own software repositories and its developers have thought more about making it a more user-friendly environment and have made things much easier for it.
- Magic: It was born as a fork of Mandriva, and the developers are former workers who were in the development group of this famous distro. Mandriva as you know is currently an abandoned project, it has been discontinued, so Mageia can be a good alternative.
- Lubuntu: it is one of the official editions of Ubuntu with an LXDE desktop environment, therefore it is quite light. However, light is not a negative appellation, since with it you can do everything that Ubuntu allows you to do, but that yes, unlike the latter, you can install it on a computer with fewer resources and that it runs smoothly.
- Sparky: It is based on Debian and is a fast and lightweight distro that can be installed on computers with little resources, old or portable. It is available with different lightweight desktop environments to consume little resources, such as: Enlightenment, JWM, KDE, LXDE, LXQt, MATE, Openbox and Xfce.
- Bodhi: It is based on Ubuntu and uses a lightweight Enlightenment desktop environment. It also has drivers for older hardware and can be a good ally to revive one of those old computers that you have at home or to install it in any other that has limited resources.
For more information on lightweight distributions, you can consult our article on this topic.
Distributions for companies:
- SLES (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server): SUSE puts a lot of resources to develop a very stable environment with a multitude of innovations designed for companies. SLES together with RHEL, are the two most important distributions for business servers or supercomputers that you can find on the market. In return, you have to pay money for them, since they are not free. But they are very complete and it is definitely worth it ...
- RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux): RHEL is the toughest competitor of SLES or SLES is the toughest of RHEL depending on how you look at it. Both distributions are designed for the same sector, the business sector. In addition, both are based on RPM packages and are extremely stable and have a multitude of solutions for companies, such as an emphasis on virtualization and other interesting tools.
If you work with a Linux-based system or intend to do so, you can consult our article on distributions according to your profession.
Distributions for your privacy:
- Whonix: It is for those obsessed with security and privacy, with this distribution you should not have too many problems in this regard, since it has mechanisms based on virtual machines so that the applications do not pose a problem or your internet browsing is as safe as possible .
- Tails: It is a well known distro that we have already talked about on the blog. Its main philosophy is to be a distro that respects your privacy and anonymity on the networks, since it is quite safe and if you have it updated, you will be able to count on a very safe environment and free from many attacks.
Distributions for security:
- Kali Linux: If you are dedicated to computer security, Kali Linux is a great distribution, with endless tools for hacking and security audits. It is without a doubt the most famous and the best.
- Santoko: But if you want a somewhat more specialized distribution in security audits focused on mobile devices, you can count on it to have a wide range of tools, many also available in Kali, but the Santoku list is specific for this type of device and tests.
- DEFT: together with Santoku and Kali Linux it can be an ideal complement for security. It is a distribution that, like the previous ones, has many programs for forensic analysis.
Distributions for games:
- Steam OS: Valve has been a video game company that has done a lot for the entertainment world on GNU / Linux, and has even given us some great projects that use Linux as a base. We also know him well from the Steam store. But lately we must add to the list of feats that of creating a distribution oriented to video games, with which you can enjoy its optimization for modern graphics cards and their tools.
- Ozone OS: Although it may seem like a generic distro and similar to others previously analyzed, which pampered the design and minimalism of its interface, it can also be seen as a good distro for those who like video games. The developers have optimized this distro for games, adding graphics controllers and platforms for video games.
Distributions for the disabled:
- DREAM: Based on Manjaro, it is a disabled-oriented distro, with tools for those with vision and other problems. For example, it has a screen reader, a magnifying glass to enlarge areas of the screen, an on-screen keyboard for those with mobility problems, special fonts for people with dyslexia, etc.
- vinux: based on Ubuntu and specially optimized for the blind or visually impaired of any kind. In addition to magnifying glasses and text readers, VInux also has some useful options, such as support for Braille displays.
Distributions for children:
- Sugar: a distro for kids to learn. As with the distributions for the elderly, there are many others for children. The best known are Edubuntu, Qimo, Linux Kidx, DouDouLinux, etc. But we have selected this as a new, less popular discovery that deserves to be known.
Distributions for Raspberry Pi:
- Snappy Ubuntu Core: Canonical's new distro has carved out a big hole for itself even though it's fairly new. So Snappy will be a good friend for your Raspberry Pi, with both you can create a multitude of projects and learn a lot.
- Raspberry OS: Raspbian OS is the Raspi distro par excellence, so it cannot be left out. It is based on Debian for ARM and is one of the most promising and supported projects for the successful SBC board.
- OSMC: If what you want is to transform your Raspberry Pi into a true multimedia center, you have many options, such as OpenElec among others, but our chosen one is OSMC. With it you will have a great platform for photos, videos, music, and network content on your TV or wherever you want.
Do not doubt leave your comments (criticism, thanks or suggestions) ...