Choosing a distribution among the many options out there is an arduous task, according to what you do or your needs you may be interested in one or the other. Numerous posts have already been made about the best distributions, but in this case what we will do is analyze two heavyweights of the Linux world and We will put Debian and its successful derivative Ubuntu face to face.
As everybody know, Ubuntu is a Debian-based distribution, but it is not an exact copy by any means and there are great similarities but also great differences between the two. Here we compare Debian vs Ubuntu and we discover these details in a simple way so that you can choose one or the other. Will the son have surpassed the father or on the contrary does Debian have a lot to say?
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Debian and Ubuntu: both mount mount both
As in any battle, the first thing is to present the opponents. Although they need little presentation in the case of two Linux distributions as famous as these, it is always good to place ourselves for those newcomers to this world or readers who come from other platforms.
The Debian project has become a macro project one of the largest seen in the Linux world. It has tons of developers and its vast community has created a lot of documentation available to help you. In addition, its releases are characterized by being very stable and having a fairly high performance, making it the preferred distribution for many and the basis of many distributions.
Despite being free, it competes with others such as Red Hat and SuSE for its fabulous qualities, also the DEB packages rival the RPM as if the Linux world were divided into two great camps. Y We owe all of this to Ian Murdock, who started the project in 1993. After studying at Purdue University, he would write the Debian manifesto that he would use as the basis of the distro and which would be joined by legions of hackers for its development.
The name of IAN and that of his then girlfriend DEBorah, give name to the distribution. After a few years, in 1996, Bruce Perens would replace Ian Murdock as project leader. But Bruce would also retire in 1998 to make way for another leader, but the project is oblivious to these changes, continuing to grow like a snowball.
On the other side of the ring we have Ubuntu, a distribution developed by Canonical and based on Debian. In fact, Ubuntu is one of about 100 distributions based on Debian, but in turn, Ubuntu has a third generation with almost another hundred distros based on it and so on until creating a large family of distros.
Canonical is a British company created by South African Mark Shuttleworth and with an approach that may remind something of Apple's philosophy, creating software designed to be easy to use (the main idea was to make the monstrous Debian an operating system for the masses), beautiful and with a design that has wanted to stand out from the crowd. to other distros. On the other hand, Ubuntu does not look out so much for freedom, but for usability, including non-free software. It is also a relatively new distro compared to Debian, since the first version appeared in 2004.
Now that we know all the details of each of the distributions, let's go with the comparison of Debian vs. Ubuntu.
Debian vs Ubuntu which is better?
If we answer this question in a simple way, we would be lying and those who say that Debian is better are just as right as those who say that Ubuntu is. Both distributions are very good and feed back on the many advances they make. Therefore, I believe that Debian is necessary for Canonical and Canonical's work is also necessary for the Debian community.
What we can do is list a series of advantages and disadvantages of each one so that you have a clearer idea ...
Reasons to choose Debian
- Debian is available for more architecturessuch as PowerPC, x86 (both 32-bit and 64-bit), ARM, SPARC, MIPS, PA-RISC, 68k, S390, System Z, IA-64, etc. Therefore, it can be run on more computers than Ubuntu, which focuses more on home computers or x86 servers.
- Installation with more customization options.
- Debian brings GNOME by defaultAlthough it can work with a multitude of different desktop environments, in this sense it is quite balanced with Ubuntu.
- Debian allows you to have hard and stable packages like a rock in older versions or be more at the forefront of technology with the latest functionalities at the cost of greater instability.
- Generally is safer, highly customizable and has higher performance.
- Although both are free, Debian fights for software freedoms, while in Ubuntu packages with proprietary licenses are integrated.
- Most recommended for "old dogs" who have advanced knowledge and they have been in this world longer.
- In Debian each pack has a maintainer (maintainer) assigned, while in Ubuntu it is not, being somewhat more chaotic in some cases.
- La error correction using Debbugs mailing lists is less fuzzy than Ubuntu's Launchpad.
- Utnubu (Ubuntu backwards) is a project that allows you to "revert" the changes made from Debian to obtain Ubuntu and thus have some packages available for Ubuntu that would not be for Debian.
Reasons to choose Ubuntu
- Generally, Ubuntu software packages are more up-to-date than Debian. Ubuntu's shorter release and development times mean it has this advantage, although you can always choose to update it yourself.
- Much easier and more intuitive installer. It is also easier to use, so it is better for newbies or people without much knowledge ...
- There are numerous flavors with different desktops, as with Debian, it is not only limited to a desktop environment, which by default is Unity on Ubuntu.
- At the cost of greater usability and better hardware support, the performance and flexibility have been relaxed a bit.
- Developers generally have great interest in developing software for this distro for its popularity with the community.
- Convergence Canonical is pursuing so much is a great asset for the future.
- Long term stability. Ubuntu offers extended support in its LTS versions so that they can continue to be maintained and updated for a long period of time, while Debian, although its releases usually take time, only releases Unstable (development), Test (for test) and Stable versions. . In addition, the releases of new versions of Ubuntu are made every 6 months, while those of Debian are more sporadic.
- The new technologies. They arrive earlier to Ubuntu due to the collaborations of Canonical and other companies.
- In Ubuntu we have more package types or groups based on status and license, since in Debian they are limited to cataloging them as: main, contrib and non-free. Ubuntu has: main, restricted, universe and multiverse, the latter two being "unofficial" groups of packages.
- Best Home Entertainment Platform, multimedia content and video games are best received in Ubuntu due to their popularity. An example of this is the numerous Steam titles for Ubuntu and the Steam Controller game controller support.
Conclution? The truth is that the conclusion to this comparison of Debian vs Ubuntu must be put by you. Depending on your needs, you can choose one or the other. In general, if you are going to mount a server or want the equipment to program, your option is Debian. But if you want ease, use more generic or for video games, and you need compatibility comparable to Mac OS X or Windows, choose Ubuntu.
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