Best GNU / Linux alternatives to Windows programs

Windows and Linux logo and apps icons

If you are a newcomer to GNU / Linux world and you come from the Windows platform, in this article you will find a great guide to choose the appropriate software you are looking for. We will analyze the most used software in Windows and from different niches to satisfy almost all the needs now that you are a Linux user.

When you land on a GNU / Linux distribution you may think that there is less software for this system than for WindowsBut sometimes there are so many different alternatives that it can get confusing and choosing the right one is tedious for newbies.

That is why we present you this practical guide. It will help you choose the best package in a simple way. You just have to look for the Windows program for which you want a GNU / Linux alternative from the following list and read the paragraph corresponding to that program, where you will find the most prominent alternatives.

There are many programs for Windows and it is difficult to summarize them all, especially considering that each user for their particular needs uses different types of software and that the amount of alternatives that exist for GNU / Linux are huge. But the most important are:

LibreOffice Writer and EVINCE logo

Table of Contents

Office automation and documents

Microsoft Office

There are several office suites for GNU / Linux. They are quite good and complete and even include support for Microsoft Office file extensions, that is, you can both save and open files native to Microsoft's suite. The two alternatives to highlight are LibreOffice and OpenOffice, both projects are free. LibreOffice was born as a fork or derivative of OpenOffice and is perhaps the one that has been the most successful lately.

Adobe Acrobat Reader

Adobe has created a version of Acrobat Reader for GNU / Linux, but there are other much more interesting open alternatives. The most prominent is Evince, a PDF document reader that is lightweight, complete and has nothing to envy the Adobe program. In addition, one of the things that I appreciate the most about Evince is that it saves the page that you have been reading so that when you open it again it will go to the section where you have stayed. Other alternatives are Okular, Foxlt Reader, ...

Adobe Acrobat Reader Pro

There are good editors for GNU / Linux, although the rich PDF is still somewhat green. But you can use PDF Editor or similar, with which you can transform other types of files into PDF and edit them by adding elements.

Memo pad

The famous Windows notepad is simple and rudimentary, but it can be very useful for writing code, notes, etc. If you are looking for an alternative for GNU / Linux, you can choose one of my favorites, Gedit. Nano is another similar and simple option, you can also find more complex ones like Vi or Emacs.

GIMP paint and logo

Drawing, images and photo retouching

MS Paint

And famous Pinta It helps us to draw and gets us out of a lot of trouble because of its simplicity. If you want to find a similar program for GNU / Linux, you can find a long list. But the experience and the tests that I have carried out, always lead me to choose Pinta, although there are others like GNU Paint, ... Its interface is simple, very similar to that of MS Paint and with tools even more complete than those of this one.

Corel Draw / Adobe Illustrator

A good advanced alternative for drawing and retouching images is Inkcape. It can perfectly supplement these programs.

Adobe Photoshop

You can use Gimpshop, a free and open program that closely resembles the Photoshop interface. But the best and the most suitable option is the famous GNU GIMP. Its interface is somewhat different from Photoshop, but its power, professionalism, and advanced options elevate it above any other.

Google Picasa / Microsoft Office Picture Manager

You can install programs like Shotwell, gThumb, Gwenview, F-Spot,… with which you can manage your images and edit them generating slides, among many other options.

xMule and Torrent logo

Torrent and P2P downloads

Bittorrent

There is a BitTorrent version for GNU / Linux, but I would prefer other alternatives like Transmission, Azureus, BitTornado, Ktorrent, etc., the former being the most attractive option for torrent downloads.

eMule

For P2P downloads you can go to xMule, a program almost identical to eMule in which you will not miss the famous mule for Windows.

eDonkey

If you are one of those who prefer eDonkey, you can have a program similar to this one called ML Donkey.

Thunderbird logo and Evolution program

Agenda and mail

Microsoft Outlook

In Linux there are alternatives that are far superior to Outlook, such as Thunderbird or Kmail. But the most complete and interesting is a. With this tool you will be able to manage your mail and have at your disposal a complete agenda to be able to manage reminders, set alarms, etc.

Pidgin logo and Telegram

Instant messaging and chat

mIRC

If you like IRC and chatting, the mIRC client for Windows has substitutes. Try xChat, Kopete, ChatZilla or Chatter IRC.

Microsoft Windows Live Messenger

Instant messaging has left Linux titles like Pidgin, aMSN, KMess, Mercury Messenger, Emesene, TorChat, etc. Pidgin is one of the best and now plugins have been developed to support Telegram and its famous emojis. I recommend it to you…

Skype

It is also available for GNU / Linux, but if you want something more genuine you can opt for Google Video Chat or similar.

Opera, Chrome and Firefox browser logos

Web browsers

Microsoft Internet Explorer

The maligned Explorer has GNU / Linux alternatives like Konqueror for those using a KDE desktop, Epiphany from GNOME, SeaMonkey, Netscape, Opera, etc.

Mozilla Firefox

But if what you used was FirefoxDon't worry, there is an official version for GNU / Linux. So you will not miss anything.

Google Chrome / Chromium

Google browsers also have a native version for GNU / Linux, as with Firefox. They are identical to those of Windows.

gCAD

Design and Cad

Corel Motion Studio

You can take advantage of the powerful, advanced and extremely professional Blender. Maya is another alternative to these suites for working with 3D designs, creating special effects, graphics, video games, etc. With Blender, despite being free and free, it has been used in several famous Hollywood movies (eg: Spiderman), so do not underestimate its power.

Magix Video Deluxe / VirtualDub

If you want to create video presentations with your photos, add music, special effects, edit videos, make cuts, ... you can get Lives, OpenShot or Avidemux. With them you will get professional results with your videos.

Autodesk AutoCAD

I choose LibreCAD, FreeCAD, QCAD or DraftSight. The latter is a solid and professional alternative, it is even compatible with the AutoCAD document extensions (so if you have jobs edited in the Autodesk program, it may be the most interesting for compatibility).

Adobe Dreamweaver / Microsoft Frontpage

To create web pages you can use programs like Nvu, KompoZer, Quanta and Aptana. But if you don't have much experience with the code and you prefer a WYSIWYG-like web editor like Dreamware, the best option is Nvu.

Player interface and headphone and VLC logo

Multimedia (video, audio and converters)

Free Audio Converter

Mobile Media Converter, SoundConverter are graphical interface alternatives to the powerful tools that also exist for the console. With them you can transform a sound format into a different one.

FLV Video Converter / DVD videosoft

You can use Avidemux to convert between different video formats.

Shrink DVD

If you want to rip content from DVDs as you did with this Windows program, you can install k9Copy or the dvd :: rip tool.

Apple iTunes

It is a very famous program, which was originally created for Apple but now there is a version for Windows. Despite the fact that Linux is a * nix and shares more similarities than Microsoft's system, those of Apple have not wanted to create a version for the penguin system. But do not worry, Amarok it will help you forget it.

Nullsoft Winamp

As a sound player you can use XMMS, Rhythmbox, Audacious, Exaile, Kaffeine, etc. Of all I recommend Rythmbox.

VLC / Windows Media Player

VLC, Totem, Beep Media Player, Xine, Mplayer, Kmplayer, ... The version of VLC for Linux is identical to the one for Windows, but Totem and Mplayer are two very good alternatives.

jostTV

It can be perfectly replaced by the program Miro.

Fruity Loops

If you like to compose music, you will have a great application with a multitude of instruments and options with Hydrogen.

K3b logo

Recording CD / DVD / BD and disc images

Ahead Nero Burning ROM / CloneCD

My favorite is K3b, which is very reminiscent of the Windows program, but if you don't like it, you can download other alternatives such as Nero Linux, Graveman or the famous Brasero.

DaemonsTools

If you want to create virtual optical drives to load ISO images without burning a CD / DVD / BD, you can do it with AcetoneISO, Gmount-iso, Furius ISO Mount and GISOMount. All of them are valid and very powerful.

Compressor logos

File compression / decompression and partitioning

WinRAR / WinZIP / IZARc / 7zip

WinRAR is also available for Linux, but I don't recommend it because it is not free. You can install PeaZIP, 7zip, Karchiver or Xarchiver. My favorite is PeaZIP, which allows you to compress and decompress a multitude of compression formats and create encrypted files.

Ax

In Linux it is called Sickle, but it is a tool with the same purpose, to divide files into smaller pieces and join them.

APPArmor and AVG logo

Security and backup

Windows Defender

The Windows firewall has its counterparts in GNU / Linux and they are called AppArmor and SELinux. Both good, especially the first one, but if you are looking for something more intuitive and simple, you can use Guarddog, Firestarter, Firewall Builder, KmyFIrewall and Shorewall.

Antivirus (BitDefender, Eset NOD32, Kaspersky, ...)

Many will tell you that it is crazy to install an antivirus on GNU / Linux because it is useless and the only thing it does is to slow down the system. You already know that GNU / Linux is more secure, robust, and the virus problem has nothing to do with the situation in Windows. But if you are looking for alternatives, you can use the versions of Kaspersky or AVG Free that exist for Linux.

Acronis True Image / Symantec Norton Ghost / Ahead Nero BackitUp / Paragon Backup & Recovery

to make backup copies, use Leave Dup, dkopp, Kbackup or one of these. There is also a version of Acronis True Image for Linux, but I recommend the first one.

KiCAD logo

Science and Technology

Autodesk AutoCAD Electrical

If electronics is your thing, there are various EDA environments for Linux that are very professional and advanced. One is Geda Schematic, a complete suite to create your projects.

TINA / SPICE / OrCAD / Crocodile Technology

Crocodile has released a version for GNU / Linux, but I do not recommend it, it causes problems. For the rest of the programs you can use KiCAD and Electric.

Fritzing

There is a version of this program for GNU / Linux. It is an interesting software to generate circuit diagrams, especially interesting for those who work with Arduino or Parallax development boards.

Celestia / Stellarium

If you are an astronomer or astronomy buff, you can install Stellarium and Celestia for Linux. Two complete programs that will bring the Universe to your desktop and will help you in your telescope viewing tasks. Planets and Kstarts you can have a real planetarium on your PC, if the two previous programs do not satisfy you, although they are the ones I like the most.

Virtualbox window

Tools and utilities

Symantec Norton Partition Magic / Partition Wizard

To create partitions, edit them, change the file system, resize their size, etc., you can use the best alternative that exists and is called GParted.

Jconverter / Super Unit Converter

If you dedicate / are a student of physics, chemistry or engineering and are constantly converting between units, you can suar ConvertAll to convert all kinds of units.

FeedReader

For RSS lovers install RemoveRSS.

Everest / AIDA64 / Siftsoft SANDRA

With these programs you can know many details of the software, but especially the hardware you have in your computer (manufacturers, brand, model, supported technologies, temperatures, fan speed, ...). It is interesting to learn more and look for specific drivers. In Linux there is a program for this called hard info.

Google Earth

Many Google tools, including this one, have installers for GNU / Linux. Look for them on the download website provided by Google.

DOSBox / MAME

It is an interesting emulator to be able to install video games and programs for MS-DOS. Well, the good news is that there is a version for Linux. As for MAME, it is an emulator for classic video games that is also ready to use on Linux. If you want to know more emulators for video games, you can take a look at DeSmuME and Yabause, among others.

CamStudio

To make screankast or video screenshots, you can install RecordMyDesktop, Screankast, Xvidcap, Tibesti, Istanbul, RecordItNow, etc., the first being one of the most interesting.

Microsoft VirtualPC / VirtualBOX / VMWare

For virtualization the best thing in Linux is VirtualBOX. It is simple and versatile, although you may want to try the famous containers or the Xen tool ...

CuteFTP / Filezilla

FireFTP, gFTP, kftpgrabber, ... there are many alternatives for FTP clients, but the Filezilla it is the most interesting and it is also for Linux.

Logo GCC, KDEVELOPER AND ARDUINO IDE

Performance

Microsoft Visual Studio, Visual DuxDebugger, Dev C ++, Borland Turbo C ++,…)

IDE programs and compilers for programmers and application developers are abundant in Linux. For C, C ++, Java and other languages ​​you can use the best one, GCC and other auxiliary tools like GDB. But if you need a complete IDE environment you can use KDevelop, Eclipse, Anjuta or Netbeans. To develop graphical interfaces, there are special IDE environments such as Glade, QT Creator, QT4 Designer, etc.

Arduino IDE / Arduino Block

They are officially available for GNU / Linux.

Affordability

Affordability

Lonquendo / Text-to-Speech and others

To go from text to speech and help people who need accessibility tools, in Linux you have a distro specially designed for these people. It's called Sonar. But in any distribution you can install programs like Orca, Onboard, eSpeak, KMouth, Jovie, ...

We look forward to your commentsIf the program for which you need an alternative does not appear in the list, feel free to write a comment to be able to help you more personally with your case.


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  1.   Leo said

    Impressive compilation of alternatives. Thank you very much, there were programs that I did not know yet. REGARDS!

    1.    Isaac said

      Thanks a lot…

  2.   juangmuriel said

    Great article !!, very currado, very complete !!, inkcape appears instead of inkscape, I miss Master pdf editor, xnview, k3b, and of course BRICSCAD is missing, the best autocad clone !!, but I repeat, GREAT ARTICLE !!

  3.   Isaac said

    First of all thank you. I will consider your input, but k3b is listed.

    regards

  4.   Javier said

    The list is almost complete and is very good.
    I still lack a program to replace video editors, such as Adobe Premiere or Sony Vegas.

    1.    Isaac said

      There are them in the list (Lives, OpenShot and Avidemux) ...

      Greetings.

  5.   Carlos said

    Very good article Thank you very much my question is for audio editing software there is something a little better than audacity

    1.    Isaac said

      Hello. You can look at other alternatives such as Linux Multimedia Studio, Jokosher, Traveso DAW, Ardor, ... As I said in the article there are many alternatives and very good ones.

      Greetings and thanks!!!

    2.    decks give it to me said

      Thank you very much for the information, I have not been on Linux for a long time and I was very lost. Great article.

  6.   Akhenaten said

    For professional people who work on windwos with Sony vegas video or on apple with final cut pro, which similar video editor would you recommend?

  7.   Javier Sánchez said

    I really don't know why the Linux community doesn't support WPS Office enough, which I think in an article for newbies like this should have been included in addition to the horrendous Libre Office and the bland Open Office. If you want an elegant office, really compatible with MS Office and identical, use WPS Office that already has a Spanish version and is excellent despite being in alpha even on Linux. The rest are not 100% compatible with MS Office.

  8.   Francisco Rojas said

    Wonderful options, thanks, Regards

    1.    Axel Alen (@axelnxcp) said

      I totally agree with you, Kingsoft (WPS Office) is one of the few that gives MS Office minimally acceptable support on Android, and on Linux it can almost make you feel at home if you used Office intensively. As a heavy user of Windows and Office, I cannot understand how it is so ignored by the Linux world. Is it because the imitation is too good? but it would be a great workhorse to convince some skeptics to try Linux without destroying the files it receives and sends to third parties ..

  9.   Rodolfo said

    For Audio and video editing, let's talk about Cubase or ProTools, MAGIX, Sony Vegas… what options are there?

  10.   skeptic said

    Comparing Adobe Premiere or Sony Vegas with Lives, OpenShot and Avidemux, is like comparing a bike with wheels with a Ferrari. They simply do not measure up and do not serve the same purpose. Perhaps Lumiera can one day become an alternative.

    For the record, I haven't used anything other than GNU / Linux for many years, but even in some applications there are no serious alternatives and non-linear video editing is one of them. Linux is far superior to Windows, but some major companies like Adobe and Sony are unwilling to release Linux versions of their programs, and there are no viable Linux alternatives.

    Where if you see the absolute supremacy of Linux is in the 3D rendering, you have to remember that before Autodesc bought it, Maya did not even exist for Windows. It is the clustered versions of Linux that are used for large film productions, such as Avatar, due to the superior performance and stability of Linux without having to pay for licenses.

    1.    leopoldo said

      You have cinelerra and lightworks, those are ferraris. Actually cinelerra is a ferrari disguised as a lada

  11.   river said

    Will there be a program similar to Edraw? to make quick designs, flow diagrams, mockups, etc ...

  12.   Ernest + said

    Ample information necessary and sufficient for the newly unpacked of the Microsoft chiefdom. After so much searching, I have found interesting and simple information about GNU / linux. I feel like a lucky kid with his new toy on Three Kings Day.
    My respects to you for your great work and thank you very much for sharing with your peers.

  13.   manuel said

    Can someone tell me if kopete is compatible with windows 7 or others, thank you very much

  14.   cusiri said

    Congratulations on this extensive list and, as you clarified, it is both the existing software, both for Windows and Linux, which would be putting together an encyclopedia: D.
    I agree with mentioning WPS from the kingsoft company. It is compatible with word, excel and power point. Both windows, linux and android (this is where I started to use it when it was initially called kingsoft office, it was like working with MS but on the cell phone). This is to maintain compatibility for those who use MS since its three xml formats are not 100% compatible with opendocument or with themselves.
    LibreOffice is the one with the most development, that's why I prefer it and it uses it as an opendocument format.

    I want to add to your list:
    Vokoscreen. Program for video recording the desktop. Special for making video tutorials

    Shutter. So far it is the one that serves me the most, it has functionalities that are found in hyper snap in windows.

    Inkscape (already mentioned, I think) a good software for vector graphics design. Gimp was not designed specifically for that, they indicate it in the manual, inkscape is the one they recommend.

    As the author of this post said, the list is long and extensive.

  15.   Cristian said

    This article has served me a lot, you could make a new version of this 2016 greetings.

  16.   Isidro said

    In the programming section I miss Lazarus, as a cross-platform IDE compatible with Delphi for rapid application development.

  17.   José Luis said

    Greetings and my respects for your work, I need an IDE to program in PHP, I use Netbeans, but I have not been able to configure your environment properly to work in PHP properly.

  18.   bjam said

    There are people who are very serious in their work. Thanks for the example.

  19.   emerson said

    Almost everything is a lie
    Comparing Photoshop to GIMP is like comparing a Ferrari to a horse cart
    Linux is good for writing letters, reading mail, browsing, watching YouTube videos, listening to music, and lately playing old games, but little else.
    Sound? Yes, a year or two ago from KXStudio you can do something, with its limits
    But nothing else, Image? Video? Not to mention, very poor, and I also guarantee that you will spend more hours in google than working, and in some distros some things work, and in others not, it is a long pilgrimage that never ends, because the linux gurus every day They decide that this is no longer useful and now we do it in this other way, also, according to them, so that we are going to make it easy, if we can make it complicated
    And for example, a button: try to see if you can find a text editor such as the windows notepad, and you will tell me when you see yourself writing text in a terminal that is uncomfortable to read, with a square cursor that makes the text unreadable ... . try, don't believe me, try
    And then you will tell me How do you know? Well, because I have been using Linux for ten years, and I would love to leave Windows, but it is impossible. Nobody forces me, of course, I write this because what repairs my liver is that Linux fans all day tell those who do not know that Linux is very easy, and even better
    do not tell me tricks

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