The 63rd edition of the Top 500 has already been published


TOP500 classifies and details the 500 most powerful non-distributed computing systems in the world.

Few days ago The 63rd edition of the “Top 500” ranking was published which classifies the most performing computers in the world. This list is based on measuring systems performance using the LINPACK benchmark, which calculates the speed at which a system can solve a set of linear equations.

And in this new edition that is presented, compared to the previous publication (edition 62) the clusters that occupied the first five places in the previous ranking maintained their positions.

  1. The first place in the Top 500 continues to be maintained by «Frontier», who has been leading the position for 2 consecutive years. Located at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, this cluster has 8.7 million processor cores (64 GHz AMD EPYC 2C) and It offers a performance of 1206 exaflops. The cluster is powered by HPE Cray OS (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server edition 15).
  2. The Aurora system at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility in Illinois, USA, has achieved second place in the TOP500. This cluster has increased its number of processor cores (Xeon CPU Max 9470 52C 2.4 GHz) from 4.8 to 9.2 million, resulting in a performance of 1012 exaflops. Under the hood is SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP4.
  3. In third place is the "Eagle" installed in Microsoft Azure Cloud in the US, recovering its position that it had reached after its first appearance in the previous list. He "Eagle" is a cluster deployed by Microsoft for the Azure cloud and contains 2 million processor cores (Xeon Platinum 8480C 48C 2GHz CPU), It offers a maximum performance of 561 petaflops. The cluster software is based on Ubuntu 22.04.
  4. Fugaku: Located at the RIKEN Institute for Physical and Chemical Research in Japan, this cluster uses ARM processors (158976 nodes based on the Fujitsu A64FX SoC, equipped with a 8.2 GHz 2,2-core Armv48-A SVE CPU) and offers 442 petaflops of performance. Fugaku runs Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
  5. LUMI: Located at the European Supercomputing Center (EuroHPC) in Finland, this cluster offers a rperformance of 379 petaflops. It is built on the HPE Cray EX235a platform and includes 2.2 million processor cores (AMD EPYC 64C 2GHz, AMD Instinct MI250X accelerator, Slingshot-11 network). It uses HPE Cray OS as the operating system.

Additionally, sixth place was taken by the new Alps cluster, launched at the Swiss National Supercomputing Center. This cluster features 1,305,600 NVIDIA Grace 72C 3.1 GHz processor cores and provides 270 petaflops performance.

As for home supercomputers, it is mentioned that the Chervonenkis, Galushkin and Lyapunov clusters created by Yandex had a decline in the ranking. They went from 36th, 58th and 64th to 42nd, 69th and 79th respectively. These clusters are designed to solve machine learning problems and provide performance of 21.5, 16, and 12.8 petaflops respectively. They run Ubuntu 16.04 and are equipped with AMD EPYC 7xxx processors and NVIDIA A100 GPU.

For the part of the new ranking trends of supercomputers it is mentioned that:

  • There are 181 supercomputers in North America (171 six months ago).
  • Europe: 157 supercomputers (143 six months ago).
  • Asia: 147 supercomputers (169 six months ago).
  • South America: 9 supercomputers (10 six months ago).
  • Oceania: 5 supercomputers (6 six months ago).
  • Africa: 1 supercomputer (unchanged).
  • Intel dominates the ranking with a preference of 62.8% (67.9% six months ago).
  • AMD CPUs: 31.4% (28% six months ago).
  • IBM Power: 1.2% (1.4% six months ago).
  • All systems in the ranking have used Linux as their operating system since November 2017.
  • The minimum performance threshold to enter the Top500 increased to 2,13 petaflops.
  • The total performance of all systems in the ranking increased from 7 to 8,2 exaflops in the last six months.

Y regarding the use of distributions, it is mentioned that:

  • 42.4% (44.6% six months ago) use Linux-based systems, but do not specify the distribution.
  • RHEL usage now increased to 16.8% (previously 12.6%)
  • CentOS decreased to 9.4% (previously 11%)
  • Cray Linux with 9,2% (9.6%)
  • Ubuntu gained a bit of share rising to 8.4% (7,8%)
  • SUSE remained 4,4% (4,4%)
  • Rocky Linux increased to 3% (2%)
  • Alma Linu 1,2% (1%)
  • AmazonLinux; 0.2% (0.2%)
  • Scientific linux 0.2% (0.2%)

finally if you are interested in knowing more about it, I invite you to consult the publication of the Top 500 in the following link.

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