The advancement of technology makes one stop using programs that were once inevitable. WinZip (In the days of Windows) to put together the pieces of a file downloaded in a cyber cafe and saved in multiple diskettes, k3b to create the installation media of some distro and, of course, aMule
With the popularization a few years ago of platforms such as Amazon, Spotify and Netflix, the piracy of books, music, movies and series, drastically decreased or mutated. Instead of unauthorized sharing of movie or series content obtained from the cinema or cable TV, they were recorded from the platform. Also sharing passwords or access via VPN from countries where Netflix did not operate, became the order of the day.
Table of Contents
However, a careful reading of social networks seems to reveal a trend that is not massive at the moment, but it is growing. The abandonment of video streaming platforms and the return to download applications.
There are many reasons for this. First, the oversupply of platforms. In addition to international ones such as Netflix, Amazon, Disney +, Star +, HBO +, Paramount + and Pluto TV, there are others with a less geographic scope or aimed at specific content.
However, if we are to believe Pareto's Law, We only see 20% of the content 80% of the time we spend on the platforms. It has been shown that the interest that decreases when you see more than 5 chapters in a row in a series. And, for rights reasons, the series and films that interest us end up disappearing after a few months.
The fragmentation of different platforms makes them desperate for new content. Content that is not always characterized by its quality. I can cite as an example two cases that I know of due to geographical proximity. The kingdom (Netflix) and Maradona the series (Amazon) In the first case the criticism he pointed that the political prejudices of the scriptwriters outweighed the narrative interest. In a second, the manipulation of reality without it being justified on television grounds.
Internationally, the Fear Street trilogy, an adaptation of the work of the harmless RL Stine, generated a lot of excitement. It did not go unnoticed that the bad guy was the white boy who became a police officer, the good guy the Afro-descendant lesbian girl, and the main victims the couple who became a drug dealer because of Wild Capitalism.
I used aMule again. I remembered why I had stopped
Reading about this disenchantment with the platforms, I meet several new aMule users. Although I believed that the project was discontinued, apparently it continued to be active, releasing the first version from 2016 this year.I don't remember when was the last time I bothered to install it. Even in the pre Netflix era, BitTorrent had more up-to-date content and downloaded faster.
In the Ubuntu repositories (And I suppose that in Debian Testing) there is the latest version so the installation was not a problem. Fedora has it in the Fusion RPM repositories and it can also be installed from the ArchLInux repositories.
What is aMule?
It is a client for the ED2K and Kademlia file sharing networks
ED2K is a file exchange protocol (P2P) (Point-to-Point) in which a server acts as an intermediary to connect clients. In other words, the first thing the program does is connect to a server. The default installation includes a list of servers and can be found others on the Internet.
Once successfully connected to a server, we can use the search tool, either locally (the connected server) or globally (all servers), any file and we will get the results that match the search as a response.
When we start the download, aMule asks the server for information about where the files are hosted. The server responds with the IP addresses of the clients that have told the server that they have the specific file.
Customers don't need to have the entire file to start sharing it. There is a shift system and, when the requesting client reaches the top position, the remote client sends him the part of the file that is available to him. It is common for a single file to populate from different sources.
If both users have HighID (an identifier that is assigned depending on the connection configuration) the transfer will be made directly from client to client, but if one of the clients has LowID, the connection will be established through the server, since LowID cannot accept incoming connections. Consequently, two clients with LowIDs cannot connect to each other.
The Kademlia protocol eliminates the intermediary server since each of the clients assumes parts of their functions.
The truth is, I don't think it's worth installing. The user interface lags behind, the configuration is a bit cumbersome (By default it saves the downloaded files in a hidden folder and you may have to configure the Internet connection manually. BitTorrent offering continues to be more comprehensive and downloads faster. Even with programs like Popcorn-Time you don't even have to wait for the download to finish. Browsers like Brave even already have a client built in for this protocol.