Many of you have probably tried Debian as the main distribution. A good Gnu / Linux distribution that offers so much freedom that sometimes many are bundled with everything they can do. That is why we explain below what steps to do after installing Debian on our computer.
The order of these steps does not have to be the same and the list can be expanded to more actions, but never to less, since these steps are necessary to be able to perform the most common tasks on our computer.
Table of Contents
Update the repositories of our distribution.
By default Debian has deactivated certain repositories that provide programs and applications with proprietary software, if we really do not care and want to have the maximum possible and stable software, it is best to enable these repositories. To do this we open a terminal and write the following:
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
It will open a file with several repositories. In this file we go to the lines that have the word "contrib" and "non-free", leaving with the hash the line that begins with deb-src and removing the hash from the line beginning with deb. Then we save by pressing Control + O and then we exit by pressing Control + X.
Once we have saved and exited the nano program, we write the following:
sudo apt-get update && upgrade
This to update and refresh the Debian repositories.
Additional software installation.
Although the Debian terminal is a great tool to install or perform any process, the truth is that many prefer installers friendlier than the terminal. In this case we open the terminal and write the following:
sudo apt-get install synaptic apt-xapian-index gdebi gksu
After this we will install the firmware to manage the CPU in Debian, so in the terminal we write the following:
sudo apt-get install firmware-linux
If we have an AMD processor, we continue it with the following:
sudo apt-get install amd64-microcode
If we have an Intel processor, we continue with the following:
sudo apt-get install intel-microcode
From here, everyone can install the software they want easily and simply.
Internet browsing is an increasingly daily task and that is why we will need install plugins that will make web browsing good. To perform this installation, we open the terminal and type the following:
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree pepperflashplugin-nonfree icedtea-plugin
New fonts for those nostalgic for Windows.
Many of you come to Debian from Windows, and even many come from another Gnu / Linux distribution but they continue to use the fonts they knew in Windows. In order for Debian to use this type of source, we have to open the terminal and write the following:
sudo apt-get install ttf-freefont ttf-mscorefonts-installer ttf-bitstream-vera ttf-dejavu ttf-liberation
Conclusion after installing Debian
Debian is a great Gnu / Linux distribution and every user who tests it certifies it but it is also a very complex distributionThat is why we wrote this small guide with the necessary steps to make our installation more functional without going crazy. Depending on our needs the guide will increase or decrease, but of course these steps are required Do not you think?
If you want to try another distribution similar to Debian, we recommend that you read our comparison of Debian vs. Ubuntu.
3 comments, leave yours
It is also convenient to put the multimedia repositories, the backports and the mozilla backports and with this we can have updated versions of firefox, icedove (the equivalent of thunderbird), libreoffice, kernel etc.
If we want to compile something we must install the buid-essentials metapackage
Here's an example sources.list that works fine for the stable version of Debian ...
deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ Jessie main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie main
deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie / updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie / updates main
deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main
deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ jessie backports main
Generally, in the sources.list left by the original installation, the repositories refer to the "main" section only, so you have to add "contrib" and "non-free" to the end.
Lines beginning with "deb-src" can be commented out by prepending each one with a "#", as indicated in this note.
You can also replace "fr" by the letters that indicate another country, I use the French repositories for being one of the fastest.
Installing synaptic is a very good idea for those who have an "allergy" to the terminal.
It is also a good idea to install "unrar-free" some graphical interfaces to unzip files need it.
Installing the Flash plug-in is death these days ...