Last week we learned about a new version of Ubuntu, Ubuntu 17.10 and with it numerous changes that the Canonical distribution has introduced in our computers and in the distribution itself. Users who have updated their version of Ubuntu, will not have major problems, except for changes such as the desktop or some new tools.
But if we do a clean install, we have to perform a series of tasks in the post installation to make our distribution as perfect as possible (with Ubuntu 17.10 and with any Gnu / Linux distribution, let's go). Next we are going to explain what steps to do after installing Ubuntu 17.10 so that everything works to our liking.
Table of Contents
Upgrade the system
Despite the fact that the distribution is new, the Ubuntu community is very active and that makes in a few days we will find new bugs or important program updates. We will do this step first as something that does not work may be fixed after this update. So we open the terminal and write the following:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
Many of you will use your equipment to record and play videos or multimedia content. Ubuntu by default does not have many codecs required for these files, so it is always recommended to install the "Restricted Extras" package. This package contains all the extra codecs we need. For its installation we only have to open a terminal and write the following:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Use of proprietary drivers
This step is optional for many users. We may have a graphics card or any other hardware that requires the use of proprietary drivers. This hardware will work but not as well as if we used the proprietary drivers. To do this, we just have to go to "Software and Updates" and in the "Additional Drivers" tab select the proprietary driver. Then we close the window and the changes made will be applied.
Install Gnome Tweak Tool
Ubuntu 17.10 brings Gnome as the default desktop. This represents a change for many users, but also adds new tools to fully customize this desktop. The queen of these tools is without a doubt Gnome Tweak Tool, a tool that not only will it allow us to install themes but also customize how it works and even manage desktop extensions. For its installation, we have to open the terminal and write the following:
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool
Activate night mode
The inclusion of Gnome means that we can adjust and change the brightness of our screen to take care of our eyes. The dreaded blue light that many seek to eliminate. To do this, we have to go to Screens, within the Preferences menu and activate the "Night light" tab, we will notice that the screen acquires an orange tone, a sign that the filter has been applied.
Gnome allows us to use extensions for certain functions, the same way that web browsers work with their extensions. To install extensions, we just have to go to the official website extensions and download the extension we want. After downloading it, we just have to double click on the package or simply use the Gnome Tweak Tool.
Java and Gdebi
The Java plugin has become very important for Gnu / Linux, as it allows the installation of many cross-platform applications. The same happens with GDebi, a package manager that allows the installation of any deb package with just double clicking on it. To install this software we have to open the terminal and type the following:
sudo apt-get install gdebi sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jre
This will install Java and Gdebi on our Ubuntu 17.10.
Install more programs
Ubuntu 17.10 is a very complete distribution but it is true that many users need to install necessary or basic programs for certain tasks. Thus, many install Chromium from Google or Gimp to edit their images. Others install VLC to use instead of Gnome Media Player. Everyone These programs can be installed from the Gnome Software Center, an application that works like the Google Play Store, but adapted for our computers.
Change the theme of the layout
Personally I really like the Ubuntu artwork but I know that many users don't like it; thus, a basic task for many is usually to change the Ubuntu desktop theme. In this case we can go to Gnome-Look and download the desktop theme that we like. Then we unzip it in the corresponding folder and apply it thanks to the Gnome Tweak Tool.
Despite the fact that we currently surf the Internet at high speeds, many files use the compressed format to be sent. Ubuntu recognizes some formats but not all, so it is good to have all compressors installed. To do this we have to open the terminal and write the following:
sudo apt-get install p7zip-full p7zip-rar rar unrar
This will allow us to compress and decompress any file without the need for another tool, only with the mouse and our Ubuntu.
These are the steps to follow after installing Ubuntu 17.10 but they are not the only ones we can do, it really all depends on how we use the team that has Ubuntu 17.10 installed, but with these steps surely the operation will be almost perfect.